Dyslexia is a learning disability. People with dyslexia have a hard time accurately and fluently recognizing and decoding speech sounds. And, they have trouble recognizing and/or decoding and spelling words. Dyslexia is not as rare as you think.
According to the International Dyslexia Association, about 15-20% of the population suffers from dyslexia. There are many summer reading programs in Charlotte NC available that you can join your children who are suffering from Dyslexic.
Dyslexic students can learn to readjust as well as their peers. However, they learn differently. Through systematic, individualized, and iterative mastery instruction, they can learn to read by making progress in the following areas:
Acoustic: Association of sound symbols both visually and acoustically (see/speak-read) and acoustically-visually (hear/speak/write-spell).
Phonemic awareness: The ability to group words into their smallest components (phonemes)
Visual and auditory decoding: The ability to decode words (both visual and acoustic) based on their phonemic patterns: long/short vowels (CVC / e), controlled by r; Vowel pairs (true and false); hard/soft g / c; -gh models.
Phonics, phonemic awareness, and decoding should be done frequently with dyslexia teachers. Children learn reading skills through repeated practice. DO NOT assume that your dyslexic child can learn to read well without proper reading intervention.
Reading instructions should be systematic and cumulative. This means that their teacher will need to determine if your child has mastered the basic and simplest concepts before moving on to more difficult concepts.
Your child's reading teacher should assess their reading skills frequently, both formally and informally. The skill is considered mastered or mastered when your child can use the skill automatically.